Toothpaste not only ensures a fresh taste when brushing your teeth but also makes it much more effective.
They have two main functions:
It contains the finest, so-called abrasive particles (also known as “cleaning bodies” or “emery materials”) against plaque and it bundles the plaque removed with the brush so that it can then be easily spat out with the foam, i.e. removed from the mouth. In addition, the fluoride content helps prevent tooth decay (prevention).
What is good toothpaste?
A good toothpaste contains fluoride. This basic chemical substance occurs in minerals, strengthens the tooth enamel, and makes it more resistant to the attack of acids and thus to caries.
In addition, every toothpaste contains other ingredients that improve the cleaning result: Abrasive substances are small particles (“cleaning particles”) that mechanically remove plaque. These can consist of marble or whipped chalk, for example. Don’t worry, they won’t harm healthy teeth, as the enamel is harder than this cleaning body. Certain surfactants in the toothpaste ensure the formation of foam: The contact of the toothpaste with the teeth is improved and the plaque can be removed more easily with foam.
Buy a special one for young children up to about six years old that contain less fluoride according to their age. Children also prefer their milder taste to that of normal toothpaste.
What toothpastes are there?
Various special items are available on the market, for example for particularly sensitive teeth. They contain active ingredients that make exposed tooth necks a little less sensitive and, as a rule, also less cleaning material than the normal ones. However, you can only alleviate the symptoms of exposed tooth necks, not eliminate them. So come to our practice to clarify the causes.
Some of them contain anti-inflammatory substances such as plant extracts or active substances against tartar. They can help or prevent inflammation and prevent the formation of new tartar – these special pastes are no substitute for a visit to the dentist.
Toothpaste is also offered, which you can also use if you are allergic to a component of common toothpaste. These contain no menthol, and sometimes no other essential oils, and only a few odor and taste substances. They can still be used during homeopathic treatments.
Special toothpaste for particularly white teeth is popular.
They remove discoloration from tea, coffee, or tobacco better than others. However, they also contain coarser abrasives or acids to help loosen the deposits. Both substances can be harmful to the tooth, especially the enamel if used regularly. Whitening toothpaste should only be used on healthy teeth, otherwise, these ingredients can be more harmful.
A professional tooth cleaning at the dentist, on the other hand, not only removes this unsightly discoloration but also tartar and bacterial deposits in gaps and niches in the mouth. It thus contributes to the prevention of tooth decay and periodontitis.
These whitening pastes do not change the natural color of your teeth anyway. If you are not satisfied with your natural tooth color, bleaching may be an option for you.
We are happy to help you choose the right toothpaste for you. Talk to us about it on your next visit.
Checklist for your toothpaste purchase:
- Buy a fluoridated toothpaste. Fluoride hardens your tooth enamel and makes it more resistant to caries bacteria.
- For example for sensitive teeth, cannot eliminate the causes of your symptoms, they can only alleviate them. If you have sensitive teeth, come to our practice, we can investigate the causes and take appropriate measures.
- Professional teeth cleaning is more effective and gentler than special toothpaste for white teeth.
- Use a special children’s toothpaste with a lower fluoride content for your children up to the age of about six.
Often asked about toothpaste
I drink a lot of coffee and tea and want to avoid brown discoloration on my teeth. Can you recommend a toothpaste for white teeth?
These special toothpaste are not to be recommended unreservedly, as they contain coarser cleaning materials (“emery materials”) or acids compared to normal pastes. If your teeth are healthy, you can use them, but they are disadvantageous if your teeth are already cut or the tooth necks are in view. It is better to have discoloration removed by professional teeth cleaning. With this, you are not only doing something for your appearance, but also for your dental health.
Why are there special toothpaste for children?
Small children are not that skilled at brushing their teeth and often swallow part of the toothpaste foam. With normal paste, the little ones could therefore absorb too much fluoride, which can lead to tooth stains, for example. Therefore, the fluoride concentration in children’s toothpaste is lower (maximum 0.05 percent or 500 ppm) than in normal toothpaste.
From the age of six, children can use normal paste with 0.1 to 0.15 percent (1000 to 1500 ppm) fluoride content. Mostly they do not like the taste of the adult ones or they are too “hot” because of the essential oils (for example menthol). In this case, you can buy a special children’s toothpaste with the fluoride content of an adult paste.