Today the placement of dental implants is one of the best options so that the patient can enjoy good dental health in the long term.
Even being a specialty with years of experience and success, many doubts often arise about the placement of dental implants. What types of dental implants are there? How are they placed? How much does a dental implant cost? Do dental implants pose problems?
In today’s article we are going to answer some of the doubts that our patients ask most about the types of dental implants, so that you can have a clearer idea about what they are and what type exists.
What is Dental implants?
A dental implant is defined as an artificial substitute for the natural root of the tooth. It is a small piece of titanium, a biocompatible material, that heals in the bone and becomes osseointegrated. The objective of these implants is to function as artificial roots, since with the fixation of titanium to the bone we are able to replace one or more teeth that the patient has lost for various reasons.
Once the implants have been placed, the crowns are installed, a process with which stable and safe teeth will be obtained.
How are dental implant types selected for patients?
The selection of a dental implant will be determined taking into account a number of factors, based on the needs of each patient. Another important factor will be the material that is chosen, which will vary the price of dental implants.
Dental implant phases
One of the things that must be taken into account when it comes to knowing how dental implants are made or what their procedure is, is that the two phases of implantation are known.
The first phase is dental implant surgery: The specialist will make a cut to introduce the titanium implant into the jawbone or upper jaw.
The restoration of the implant is the second phase: the osseointegration of the implant typically takes 3 to 6 months. Once it is completely firm, the crown will be placed, which is the dental prosthesis that replaces the lost tooth.
Step-by-step dental implant procedure
Surgical procedures for the placement of dental implants are performed, in the case of our dental clinics.
The complexity of the implant placement will depend on several factors, for example the number of implants to be placed or the shape of the bone where the implant is to be placed. The specialist will previously study the current situation of the patient, will select the best type of dental implants for the patient and the best technique for their placement.
Currently there are various placement techniques, which are performed with local anesthesia and in a short period of time.
The surgical technique, the most common and performed, is the one that makes an incision in the gum and it is raised to access the bone tissue. Next, the implant is placed in the cavity previously made in the bone. To finish, the gum is sutured, and these stitches can be removed in about 10 days.
Who performs the dental implants?
The professionals qualified to perform dental implants must be dentists and / or oral surgeons, since they are the ones trained to work on the bone and the most favorable position for implant placement.
This is why it is very important to ensure the experience and professionalism of the experts, since it depends on whether the results obtained are optimal.
What are the advantages of dental implants?
Dental implants has many advantages, such as the ones mentioned below:
- They preserve bone and reduce bone deterioration
- Reduce the load on dental structures
- Full denture restoration
But, in addition to these advantages for oral health, dental implants have other benefits such as:
- Aesthetics: dental implants are aesthetically better than dentures and provide a more natural appearance.
- Comfort: This is a more comfortable solution than dentures.
- Duration: dental implants are a long-term solution, since they can last for more than 20 years.
How long do implants last?
Dental implants usually have a life span of more than 20 years, but to keep the implant for a longer time it is very important to maintain proper cleaning.
Do not worry if you bleed during the first hours after dental implant surgery, as well as if you notice inflammation in the area (it usually lasts about 2 days). In the event that the bleeding persists for longer, you should go to the dentist. But, for the inflamed area, we recommend applying ice to the area. The specialist will prescribe pain relievers, as well as anti-inflammatories.
After dental implant surgery it is necessary to carry out a series of cares so that the implant heals in less time. These are some of the recommendations of our specialists:
Do not perform mouthwashes after implant placement: rinsing the mouth can cause stitches to fall out and have heavy bleeding.
Tooth brushing: teeth will have to be brushed gently, especially around the implant area. It can be with an electric or manual brush. It is advisable to avoid brushing the same day of surgery.
Food: during the 3 hours after surgery you should avoid the intake of food and drink. Then you should eat a soft diet and drink plenty of fluids. Smoking is also not recommended, as tobacco irritates the tissue, delaying its healing and increasing pain.
Physical activity: it is advisable not to do activities that imply effort for at least 2.
Dental check-ups: a follow-up will be necessary to check the status of the implant (it is recommended to go for a check-up every 6 months)