The “milk teeth” or Children’s teeth
Did you know that the development of the Children’s teeth begins before the child is born? And that the first teeth are called “milk teeth” because they are lighter in color than the permanent teeth? The milk dentition consists of 20 teeth. The Children’s teeth can erupt between the ages of three and six months – these are mostly the lower central incisors. Then the upper and side incisors follow between the eighth and 12th month.
Next up and down are the front molars between the 12th and 16th months. From the 16th month, the deciduous canines develop. The rear milk teeth finally erupt between the 20th and 30th months. At the age of two and a half to three years, the deciduous teeth are fully developed. Of course, tooth penetration times vary, because every child develops differently.
Discomfort when “teething”
If a child has problems with teething, local therapy is the best solution: massaging the toothed strip leads to better blood circulation and facilitates tooth eruption. Teethers are particularly suitable for this. There are also sweet-tasting agents that contain plant extracts such as chamomile and myrrh that have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and disinfectant effects. Lidocaine contained in it numbs locally and relieves pain. In the case of severe teething problems, reddened and swollen oral mucosa, an antipyretic suppository or juice can be administered after consulting the pediatrician.
Good dental care is essential for deciduous teeth because the enamel of deciduous teeth is only half as thick as that of permanent teeth. It has a lower mineral content and a larger pore volume. The pulp is proportionally larger than in the permanent tooth and the dentin is less resistant. Therefore, tooth decay can penetrate the tooth structure faster and reach the tooth nerve. And that hurts!
Placeholder for permanent teeth | Children’s teeth
Healthy Children’s teeth are also of great importance for the psychological development of children and for their language skills. Furthermore, the milk teeth serve as placeholders for the subsequent permanent teeth and ensure healthy adult dentition. For this reason, you should regularly go to the dentist with your child and not break out wobbling milk teeth, but wait until they fall out on their own.
From the age of six, the milk tooth for milk tooth is replaced by permanent teeth. At around 15 years of age, the set of teeth is complete and consists of 32 teeth. However, wisdom teeth can still be found between the ages of 16 and 25to grow. For many people, they are annoying because there is not enough space in the jaw. Then the teeth have to be removed.
Dental braces in teenagers
Many teenagers wear braces, why? The teeth of the upper jaw should ideally fit into the teeth of the lower jaw like a gear. This is called occlusion. But the jaw can become deformed, for example through constant thumb sucking, pacifiers, or bottles. This disrupts the occlusion, which can later lead to different pain and discomfort, so-called CMD symptoms.
In many cases, orthodontists, therefore, decide to regulate misalignments of the teeth with braces or splints.
All teeth have numbers
You have probably asked yourself why dentists always give numbers to the individual teeth: the numbering of the teeth is based on an international number system that divides the upper and lower jaw into semicircles and these again into 2 quarter circles. In each quarter circle, the teeth are numbered from front to back. This is used for precise documentation during dental treatment.