As we have already explained on this blog, oral health is directly related to sports performance. Oral health, and more specifically the malposition of teeth, but also cavities and periodontal disease, are causes of chronic pain, falls, repetitive injuries in athletes. Various scientific studies have corroborated this and have revealed to what extent good oral health can influence the physical capacity and performance of athletes.
This is the reason why it is becoming more and more frequent to see athletes with orthodontics treatment; especially professional athletes who need to optimize their sports performance to the maximum and minimize any risk of injury. While it is true that the increase in people who have become aware of the importance of practicing sport has caused more and more people to go to dental clinics, especially orthodontic clinics, referred by coaches.
At the same time, it has also generated many doubts about whether wearing orthodontics interferes with something in training.
Orthodontics for athletes
First of all, note that orthodontics does not interfere at all in the practice of sports, rather, and as we have seen, the opposite happens when orthodontic treatment is finished. Even so, we are going to see which orthodontics may be the most appropriate according to the type of sport that is practiced
- Metal braces: For professional athletes or fans of physical activities in which there is physical contact or a high risk of falling, this type of orthodontics would not be the most advisable. It should be noted that braces are placed on the outer surface of the teeth, so any blow could seriously injure the teeth, lips or the inner part of the cheeks. Although we usually recommend other systems in orthodontics for adults, as they are more comfortable, practical and aesthetic, fixed appliances are common in orthodontic treatments in children and adolescents.
In this case, if the little ones or young people practice an impact sport, it may be advisable to use sports mouth guards.
- Lingual Braces: Unlike visible appliances, in lingual orthodontics the braces are placed behind the teeth. In this way, even if the tongue is slightly more exposed, the risk of damage to the lips and the inside of the mouth in the event of a contusion is eliminated. For all these reasons, invisible lingual orthodontics is recommended for both professional and amateur athletes, as well as for those who train or practice physical activity regularly. Above all, when there are oral alterations that make this orthodontic treatment the most appropriate.
- Invisalign: With regard to Invisalign aligners, it is the safest and most recommended option for sports. They avoid all the problems that braces can cause in the event of a fall or a blow and serve as mouth guards, prevent tooth wear and other discomfort caused by bruxism. As it is a removable system, it can be removed in case of risk. removed when eating and brushing teeth.
In any case, when you go to the dentist or your orthodontist, do not forget to tell them that you play sports. So, they can study your case and advise you on the best orthodontic treatment.